Roti Kapda Aur Makaan (1974)

 ●  Hindi ● 2 hrs 49 mins

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Sentimental and emotionally charged, this intense drama centres around Bharat, the eldest son of a Delhi-based family, upon whom the onus of looking after the family's welfare falls, after his father's retirement. He has two younger college-going brothers, Deepak and Vijay, and a sister of marriage age, Radha. Bharat is a graduate, but is unable to secure any employment, much to the frustration of his girlfriend, Sheetal. Vijay takes step to secure his own future, by turning to crime, which is strongly opposed by Bharat, and as a result Vijay leaves the house. Mohan is Sheetal's boss, and finds her very attractive. When he proposes marriage, she accepts, and soon both are engaged. This leaves Bharat devastated, unable to deal with life, and unable to afford the basic needs of Roti (food), Kapada (Clothing), and Makaan (Shelter), he must now decide to carry on honestly, or otherwise. Can Bharat find an honest way to fulfil his and his family's basic needs? Or will he be forced to sacrifice his principles for the sake of his family's welfare?
See Storyline (May Contain Spoilers)

Cast: Manoj Kumar, Shashi Kapoor, Zeenat Aman

Crew: Manoj Kumar (Director), Nariman A Irani (Director of Photography), Laxmikant Shantaram Kudalkar (Music Director), Pyarelal Ramprasad Sharma (Music Director)

Rating: U (India)

Genres: Drama, Musical

Release Dates: 18 Oct 1974 (India)

Hindi Name: रोटी कपड़ा और मकान

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Did you know? The film was remade in Telugu as Jeevana Poratam (1986). Read More
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as Bharat
as Mohan Babu
as Sheetal
as Vijay
as Poonam
as Kaka
as Lala
as Bharat's mother
as Bharat's Father
as Nekiram
as Tulsi's father
as Hamid Miya
as Mohan's mother




Assistant Producer


Story Writer

Camera and Electrical

Director of Photography


Art Director




Film Type:
Colour Info:
Sound Mix:
Frame Rate:
24 fps
Aspect Ratio:
Revealing Mistakes
Towards the end of the movie when Vijay and Deepak are fighting while Bharat is trying to escape on Deepak's motorcycle, Vijay's "amputated" right arm can clearly be seen hidden behind his back, under his shirt.

Revealing Mistakes
Vijay is one-handed but has both hands on the motorbike handles twice during the fighting scene in the end.
The film's title is based on the Hindi phrase referring to the bare necessities of life (food, clothing and shelter), which was popularized in the late 1960s by Indira Gandhi ahead of the 1967 general elections.

This movie turned out to be a career-defining movie for its cast and crew. It was the highest grossing Indian film of 1974 and one of the biggest blockbusters in veteran filmmaker, Manoj Kumar's career. It also boosted Amitabh Bachchan's career, as he was then strengthening his position in the film industry.

The film was remade in Telugu as Jeevana Poratam (1986).